It is time to revisit SW Carey’s Expanding Earth theory.
Note the reference to the changing heat and pressure:
As for the admission above that the cause of expansion is unknown, may I suggest it is our sun, Sol.
Our sun is a magnetar, expending energy since its implosion from Beetle Sun, and offing the dirty metalized gas which became rocky planets in the former space of the Beetle Sun.
The initial energy was from the equator of the sun exclusively, when sufficient energy has been expended, then it emitted briefly from the polar regions, and has since increased its emissions from the polar regions and decreased its emissions from the solar equator.
Our solar equatorial emissions are now known as a ‘delayed magnetic reversal.’
Rare mineral holding water
Giant crystals evidence of loosening pressure
Hydrogen under pressure becomes metalized and super conducting
Many interesting facts gleaned from phys.org that indicate problems with our current model.
What happens when comets, asteroids, etc enter our inner system from the distance of the Oort shell? Perhaps it depends on how low our planetary energy is, that is whether or not the Earth is experiencing a monopole cycle of the sun and the level of that energy. Perhaps if Earth experiences a solar body from outside the inner system, the Earth could take on the magnetic orientation of that body. Would this then be the source of Earth’s past magnetic reversals?
Perhaps: the monopole recedes, the energized hot core radiates, the Earth surface heats but more importantly, the dipole sun then ruling is lower energy than the monopole and does not hold the atomic nucleus tightly as the monopole sun. Everything is in expansion, as it is now just orders of energy lower.
The future is Mars
Note here it says finding of 2x amount of silicon over previous estimates
Note this article says that the weakness of the iron core is responsible for the change in crystal structure over time.
Berkely Lab Advanced Light Source
The researchers estimated that iron’s strength is around 1 gigapascal at the pressure and temperature at the Earth’s core. This low value has implications for how the material in the core deforms, or “creeps,” over time. Previous models assumed that this creep was a very slow process, based mostly on diffusion of atoms. However, a lower strength for iron means that creep could occur through the movement of defects, or “dislocations,” in the crystal structure. This faster dislocation creep would imply that the observed seismic-wave anisotropy developed relatively early in the Earth’s history.
Both the Earth and the Moon ‘ring like bells’ due to this liquid interior shell.
Moon with a liquid core.
Unfortunately they propose water originated outside Earth, seeped inside and is returned.
Inside our Mars-sized core is an inner-inner core 375 miles wide
The fact that Earth’s internal magnetic field changes slowly, over a timescale of decades, means that the electromagnetic force responsible for pushing the inner and outer cores will itself change over time. This may explain fluctuations in the predominantly eastwards rotation of the inner core, a phenomenon reported for the last 50 years by Tkalčić et al. in a recent study published in Nature Geoscience.
Other previous research based on archeological artefacts and rocks, with ages of hundreds to thousands of years, suggests that the drift direction has not always been westwards: some periods of eastwards motion may have occurred in the last 3,000 years. Viewed within the conclusions of the new model, this suggests that the inner core may have undergone a westwards rotation in such periods.
The authors used a model of Earth’s core which was run on the giant super-computer Monte Rosa, part of the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre in Lugano, Switzerland. Using a new method, they were able to simulate Earth’s core with an accuracy about 100 times better than other models. END
Notice how the refrain of ‘ revised from previous estimates’ usually means weaker, lesser, looser.
This is to be expected as the result of our dying magnetar sun, Sol, can inflict the monopole cycle on Earth on a year or so out of 10. This brief period known as a ‘delayed magnetic reversal’ on Earth. Only during this ephemeral blink of Sol is there evidence of tightening in the atomic structure.
May I propose that our smarter selves understood this, investigated it by observing the Algol system, and the pyramid structures were the result in an effort to keep the resonance from dropping below their life requirements.
Science now understands the lack of pressure keeps us from obtaining fusion. Experiments at this distance from the sun cannot keep the core from displaying instability which keeps fusion from happening. Exactly because Sol has weakened to the point of not providing sufficient energy. I propose that occurred about the end of the last Ice Age. That is when we lost sufficient energy from the sun in its monopolar cycle (see NASA a star with two poles) to sustain fusion on the surface.
What is happening in the core? Well, look at Mercury’s core. Massive. Look at Earth. Shrinking. The core is loosening its atomic structure. The evidence shows that our core is a shadow of its former self.
Researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., analyzing three years of radio tracking data from the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, concluded that Mars has not cooled to a completely solid iron core, rather its interior is made up of either a completely liquid iron core or a liquid outer core with a solid inner core. Their results are published in the March 7, 2003 online issue of the journal Science.
In addition to detection of a liquid core for Mars, the results indicate the size of the core is about one-half the size of the planet, as is the case for Earth and Venus, and that the core has a significant fraction of a lighter element such as sulfur.
Maven NASA touchdown Sept 21 in time for comet Siding Spring
Venus is oft said to have been ‘resurfaced’ 1/2 billion years ago, No. Venus actually stopped being a continually resurfaced planet 1/2 billion years ago. The revision of that statement is ongoing and so confuses people.
The absence of evidence of lava flow accompanying any of the visible caldera remains an enigma. The planet has few impact craters, demonstrating the surface is relatively young, approximately 300–600 million years old.
The lack of an intrinsic magnetic field at Venus was surprising given it is similar to Earth in size, and was expected also to contain a dynamo at its core. A dynamo requires three things: a conducting liquid, rotation, and convection. The core is thought to be electrically conductive and, although its rotation is often thought to be too slow, simulations show it is adequate to produce a dynamo. This implies the dynamo is missing because of a lack of convection in the Venusian core. On Earth, convection occurs in the liquid outer layer of the core because the bottom of the liquid layer is much hotter than the top. On Venus, a global resurfacing event may have shut down plate tectonics and led to a reduced heat flux through the crust. This caused the mantle temperature to increase, thereby reducing the heat flux out of the core. As a result, no internal geodynamo is available to drive a magnetic field. Instead, the heat energy from the core is being used to reheat the crust.
One possibility is that Venus has no solid inner core, or that its core is not currently cooling, so that the entire liquid part of the core is at approximately the same temperature. Another possibility is that its core has already completely solidified. The state of the core is highly dependent on the concentration of sulfur, which is unknown at present.
I propose the core of Venus is solid much like Mercury, and will, with the fall of energy due to the monopole cycle of Sol, pass from a super conducting solid core to one with liquid edges that may begin a dynamo like action.
The previous examples use the solid core as an end-stage product and that is not correct.
The liquid core is an end stage due to the planet lacking energy input from the solar monopole cycle and being exclusively exposed to dipolar energy that allows looseness and dispersion of atomic structures.
Venus’ lack of Argon-40 and oxygen is more indicative of the near-continual maintenance of the heated interior produced by the monopole cycle of the sun, now almost vanished from Earth.
I propose that Venus has yet to begin a life cycle which will only occur when the heated interior falls and EDEN reigns until the monopole cycle begins again. While the monopole solar cycle fosters life, it is too much of a good thing initially. Life struggles to survive through the energy bath, and as the monopole exposure lessens, like here on Earth, life begins to thrive. But the balancing act of monopole/no monopole is a very narrow window in time. As the monopole fades, the atomic structures begin to loosen and wander. You may infer by this that life is ephemeral on the planets of Sol.
Expansion would have happened early in Earth’s history, when the monopolar cycle of our sun was longer and stronger. As the previous continental masses show, they came together faster and lasted shorter. We were lucky an earlier blast out that created the Moon precipitated the thin lithosphere, allowing the crust to crack and move. Had that not been the case, Earth would have repeated the catastrophe of planet Aztec, the asteroid belt, named by S W Carey.
Currently our continents move ever more slowly, having little energy impetus from our magnetar Sol. So slowly in fact that science cannot see how they continents could have moved into their present positions, much less have come together and separated 3x.
The expansion would have been the result of initial energy from a monopole cycle exhausting itself outward, leaving a heat from the core to disseminate upward, with the dipole cycle then ruling and allowing the heated materials to expand.
Mars is our future.
We are down to the last 365 miles of Earth’s core which I predict will continue to disintegrate by the absence of Sol’s monopole cycle.