Metal pollution: here
Article on heavy metal affects and marine bio accumulators: here
Science Daily article on mercury from ground water entering estuaries: here
McKenzie river contamination: here
First direct evidence of mercury methylated by sea water: here
Would you believe the air above inland water: here
The mechanisms involved in the conversion of mercury above the Dead Sea appear similar, however, to those in polar regions: both start with halogens.
Halogens, or halogen elements, are non-metal elements such as fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.
Observations and modeling results indicate that at the Dead Sea, the conversion of elemental mercury is driven by bromine.
The new results show that bromine levels observed above oceans may be high enough to initiate mercury oxidation.
“We discovered that bromine can oxidize mercury in the mid-latitude atmosphere,” says Obrist, “far from the poles. That points to an important role of bromine-induced mercury oxidation in mercury deposition over the world’s oceans.”
Mercury transforms in the upper atmosphere: here
Concerns about the radionuclides due to the Fukushima da Ichi event: here
Now for the meat and potatoes:
Amazingly enough the article fails to mention tritium and here is why: here
The proton is a very powerful positively-charged magnet, which is capable of attracting neutrons. Thus, when neutrons pass close by protons, they will be captured, given an available parking space along the surface of the proton. A proton, having two potential parking spaces, is capable of holding onto as many as two neutrons at a time. However, neutrons are unstable, unless at a minimum, they are paired at a ratio of one-to-one with protons. Thus, tritium, a hydrogen atom with a nucleus containing one proton and two neutrons, is an unstable element, and tritium will eventually always transmute into helium, wreaking havoc on chemical bonds, and therefore, the human body in which those bonds are established.
The following figure shows tritium’s transmutation into helium:
Imagine a water molecule in which one of its constituent hydrogen atoms transmutes to helium. What would that do to the water molecule? It would turn the H2O into OH + He. An OH molecule is highly reactive and would combine with whatever is around it, turning stuff, like DNA, into Jello!
What Creates Tritium in an Atomic Reactor?
All modern atomic reactors work the same way. Large numbers of uranium pellets are piled on top of each other. In such a configuration, uranium will split into barium, if not spontaneously, then with a little nudge. The process of splitting is called fission, and it results in the release of neutrons by the uranium as it degrades into the lighter element.
Water is used to cool the atomic pile, and to transfer the generated heat into a secondary cooling system which spins a dynamic turbine. The hydrogen that makes up the water that comes into close proximity with the uranium pile will pick up stray neutrons, and will become tritium as a result. There is no way to avoid the creation of tritium when using water as a coolant in a fission reactor.
Chemically, tritium is identical to hydrogen. One electron orbits a tritium nucleus in exactly the same way that one electron orbits a regular hydrogen atom. Thus, there are no chemical processes that can eliminate tritium, nor are there any ways that one may filter tritium from a pool of tritiated water.
The only viable option for extracting tritium is distillation, which is possible, but complicated and prohibitively expensive. Nonetheless, even if tritium is removed from a pool of water, it is impossible to sequester atoms of this unstable chemical element. Because tritium is identical to hydrogen in every way, except for its neutron content, and hydrogen is so much a part of Planet Earth, it is impossible to store tritium in such a way that it will not leak into the environment. Tritium will always escape from its containment vessel, like an evil genie from a bottle.
Contrary to what idiots who work for Southern California Edison may say, the San Onofre atomic power plant is not a clean source of energy. Aside from producing dangerous heavy metals, ranging from plutonium to strontium, and everything in between, the reactors at San Onofre produce tritium, a known carcinogen that is impossible to sequester and which so-called engineers at Southern California Edison, release into the environment, willy-nilly.
|Strong Force or Magnetism?
Physicists, with real PhD’s, probably cringe at my description of neutrons and protons sticking together because of magnetism. They refer to the force that causes protons and neutrons to attract one another as “The Strong Force.” The strong force may or may not be separate from magnetism. There is certainly something to be said for this force, whatever it is; after all, geckos rely on this subatomic force for their ability to climb on any surface.
Now you know why they don’t tell you about tritium; is not remediable. Beyond Nuclear Kevin Kamps.
Sadly, fireworks also linger to do subtle damage: here
Useful seaweeds and their current state: losing out in the wild and even under cultivation in Bahama
Land considerations regarding heavy metals in our poop-cum-fertilizer: here
Heavier components of oil take longer to evaporate, so they had more time to spread on the surface farther from the spill source than their lightweight siblings. When de Gouw and his colleagues ran a series of models showing how spilled oil spread across the Gulf, and how long it should take for various heavy, medium, and light fractions to evaporate, the conclusion was clear. The heavier, less-volatile compounds from the oil — that were not actually measured by all the sophisticated instruments onboard the aircraft — were the culprit.
These heavier compounds are not measured in most air quality monitoring programs, which were designed to capture the conventional contributors to poor air quality. The new findings may also help understand why there is more organic aerosol in the polluted atmosphere than scientists can explain.
And now, the tar balls: here
Deadly: Tar balls washing up on Alabama’s shores were thought to be harmless, but actually contain a deadly bacteria called Vibrio vulnificus
Exposure to it through a wound can lead to tissue-killing, potentially fatal infections, according to lead researcher Cova Arias, who has warned that this has ‘clear public health implications’.
Exerpt: In research published online November 2011 in the journal EcoHealth, Auburn University microbiologist Cova Arias and colleagues discovered that Deepwater Horizon tar balls found months after the spill contained high levels of bacteria, including 10 times the level of Vibrio vulnificus as found in the surrounding sand, a finding first reported by the Associated Press. V. vulnificus is the leading cause of seafood-borne disease fatalities nationwide, and it has a fatality rate of 20 to 30 percent when it infects skin wounds. NOTE LEADING CAUSE OF SEAFOOD-BORNE DISEASE FATALITY NATIONWIDE.
Now that the base of the food chain, plankton, has been contaminated (sott.net) what will be next?
It is possible that history is repeating. We could have been here before. 9 months to go.